|.||Surah 106 - Quraish
The Name of Allah, the
Compassion, the Compassionate
(1) In order to create peace and harmony among the people of Quraish in Mecca
(2) The Lord God put their House of Worship on the caravan trade route between the south in winter and the north in summer
(3) So let them show their appreciation of the Lord of this House rather than the House itself.
(4) For it is He who provided for them against hunger by trade and He made them secure by the sanctity of the House.
Quraish was the predominant tribe in Mecca whose son was the Prophet Muhammad. Its name of Quraish was probably derived from money or the shark fish which is called Qirsh in Arabic whose diminutive is Quraish. But in any case, the name denoted power.
Quraish derived its power from caravan trade between the Yemen and Syria. Its caravans went south in winter and north in summer. Its custodianship of the K`abah, a unifying symbol of worship in which the Arabs placed all of their idols, was also another source of power. The K`abah, according to the Surah of Al-Fil (the Elephant) could have been easily destroyed, and hence Quraish’s status, by Abraha the Abyssinian had it not been for God’s intervention to save it for the great mission of human integration and unification.
In this Surah of Quraish, the same theme of a supreme mission is impressed upon Quraish so that they may appreciate their real and true role. Rather than worshiping the K`abah and the trade, Quraish must understand what is behind all that in the development of the human society.
It is said that this Surah of Quraish was a continuation of the Surah of Al-Fil. In fact Quraish and Al-Fil were written as one Surah in the Qur’an-copy of Ubayy ibn Ka`b, who was one of the foremost authorities on whom both Abu Bakr and Uthman relied for the final recession of the text of the Qur’an. But be as it may, the reading of Quraish together with Al-Fil is most instructive. It is to make people understand that it is not the house of worship in itself that is to be venerated, nor the business of making money but the higher purpose of all that.
|..||.Ibrahim AbuNab (1931-1991)|